GIZ/LCBC Climate Change Adaptation Project:
Supportive measures provide farmers with some light of hope
A happy farmer stands up in the middle of a row of corn stems of which leaves are noisy as the wind is blowing in the shoreline of the Chari River in the surroundings of Guelendeng, Kossia Douroum. There are numberless water melons, onions, green peppers or okras along his feet. These foodstuffs are paving the way for happiness with some revenues amid the ongoing hardship.
Just like Adoum, Mrs Zoumaïda Biskina, Vice-Chair of the Union of ‘’Tabayé Kébé’’ (meaning partners in massa dialect) Women’s Associations of Moulkou, is delighted. Thanks to the outcomes of their hard work, the local markets are flooded with fresh vegetable like sorrel, lettuce, green pepper, tomato or pepper. This comes along with revenues thus sparing people of malnutrition!
At the Karanik village, the local populations look happy. Mrs Toma Abakar, treasurer of an association which farms over two hectares of land summarizes the overall impression as follows: ‘’we are eagerly waiting for the next harvesting period! We have already harvested everything and sold in the nearby markets… ‘’. The revenues derived from the sale of vegetable already enables them to make plans for a brighter future and design projects as they are thinking about building a school and a health center.
Guelendeng, Moulkou, Karanik, Dourbali, Linia, Saleh Manga, Mandelia, Loumia, Gounanda are the nine localities of the regions of Chari-Baguirmi and Mayo Kebbi where farmers received the support from the LCBC Project ‘’ Climate Change Adaptation’’ funded by the German technical cooperation (GIZ).
This project which spans over Cameroon and Chad did support the implementation of pilot measures in three productive systems like rain-fed agriculture, flood recession agriculture and the stock-farming system used by transhumant herders, agro-pastoralists and farmers. It also inserted in the off-season system, early seeds with a shorter maturation length of time due to the reduction of rainfall. This enables farmers to alleviate their vulnerability to drought by diversifying the flood recession farming in a bid to generate additional revenues during the dry season and make farmers less dependent upon rain-fed agriculture and encourage the feed-grade production for cattle-feeding or sale and improve the livelihoods of stock-farmers and farmers. The Project trained and coached the farmers’ associations providing them with farming tools they were lacking.
In the field, the results are marvelous: increase of the yields and safer harvests in all the productive systems despite the harsh weather conditions , an adequate resilience of seeds to drought, striga and insect attacks, diversification of flood recession crops and generation of additional revenues through sales and possibility of two harvests, strengthening of farming activities for stock-farmers and generation of additional revenues for farmers through the promotion of the feed-grade production , pursuit of adaptive measures in several communities notwithstanding the activities carried out by the Project in 2017, replication of the measure in the pilot zone and involvement of volunteers thanks to the experience-sharing among farmers and the dissemination of measures and good experiments.
The above details were noticed by a team of the Project which visited the project site on 16-22 May 2019 to hand over plows, hoes, dabas, cutlasses, carts, sickles, shovels, picks, wheelbarrows, sprayers, seeders, bucket, rakes, seed, full casing and casing strainer, solar lamps, faucets,etc. It is high time to replicate this successful pilot project in other areas of the basin.