Organisation and fundamental principles

Main Bodies

Three organs :

The Summit of Heads of State

Highest decision-making and advisory organ of the Commission. It meets once every year in an ordinary conference. Summits held since the inception of LCBC:

  • Fort-Lamy (Chad) 5-6 July 1972;
  • Yaounde (Cameroon) 3-4 December 1973;
  • Enugu (Nigeria) 1-3 December 1977;
  • Lagos (Nigeria) 21-22 April 1983;
  • Lagos (Nigeria) 29 April 1985.
  • N’Djamena (Chad) 28-29 October 1987;
  • Yaounde (Cameroon) 13-14 February 1990;
  • Abuja (Nigeria) 21-23 March 1994;
  • N’Djamena (Chad) 30-31 October 1996;
  • N’Djamena (Chad) 28 July 2000;
  • Abuja (Nigeria) 30 June 2005;
  • Abuja (Nigeria) 27 March 2008.
  • N’Djamena (Chad) 1st November 2010;
  • N’Djamena (Chad) 30 April 2012;

The Council of Ministers

It is an organ responsible for the supervision and control of the Commission. It meets once a year in an ordinary session to adopt the budget and annual action programme of the Commission. The Council of Ministers is made up of two Commissioners per member State.

The Executive Secretariat

It is the organ which executes the decisions and resolutions of the Summit of Heads of State and the Council of Ministers. The last reform adopted in two stages (June 2008 and May 2009) has resulted in a new organization whose work sits on the following guiding principles:


  • Acknowledge the interests of member States and those of other stakeholders t the international, national and community level and find a good balance between them;
  • Respect the principles of good governance;


  • Offering high quality products produced with the greatest scientific and academic rigour;
  • Having appropriate skills and means for an international organisation;
  • Applying international, financial, administrative rules and procedures;


  • Carrying out its mandate and rendering pertinent and useful services;


  • Managing talents and resources in an ambitious, economic and ecological manner;
  • Planning and controlling all actions at the level of policy, project and operational processes;


  • Anticipating the evolution of the Basin and knowing how to respond to emergency situations;
  • Cooperating in order to render the capacities of the organisation more flexible.
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