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The Lake Chad Basin Commission,
Place de la Grande Armée,
P. O. box 727,
Phone: +235 22 52 41 45 / +235 22 52 40 29,
Fax: +235 22 52 41 37,
Regional Strategy for the Stabilization, Recovery and Resilience of the Boko Haram affected Areas of the Lake Chad Basin Region
The four countries bordering Lake Chad, namely Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria are facing unprecedented challenges compounded by repeated violence perpetrated by Boko Haram and other extremist groups. The resulting instability has slowed down economic growth and compounded existing environmental and developmental challenges in the Lake Chad Basin region.
To ensure stabilization of the region, on 30 August 2018, the Council of Ministers of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) adopted the Regional Strategy for the Stabilization, Recovery and Resilience (RSS) of the Boko Haram-affected areas of the Lake Basin Region. The RSS was endorsed by the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union. The strategy elaborates an overarching regional approach in dealing with the deep-rooted causes of under-development and the drivers of violent extremism and conflicts in the Lake Chad region. It is being implemented in eight targeted areas of the four Member States. These are:
- Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states in Nigeria;
- Diffa Region in Niger;
- Region du Lac and Hajder-Lamis Region in Chad; and
- The Far North and North Region of Cameroon.
The RSS is structured around nine inter-related strategic pillars of intervention that define the broad scope of work to achieve its objectives. These include military support, provision of humanitarian assistance and key interventions to secure early recovery and longer-term resilience. The nine strategic pillars are:
- Political Cooperation
- Security and Human Rights
- Disarmament, Demobilisation, Rehabilitation, Reinsertion and Reintegration of Persons associated with Boko Haram
- Humanitarian Assistance
- Governance and the Social Contract
- Socio-Economic Recovery and Environmental Sustainability
- Education, Learning and Skills
- Prevention of Violent Extremism and Building Peace
- Empowerment and Inclusion of Women and Youth
The stabilization strategy is a product of broad consultations among experts of the Lake Chad Basin Commission, African Union Commission, relevant agencies of the United Nations and other stakeholders. Its implementation is being led by the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC), which is mandated to manage Lake Chad and other shared water resources in its basin, preserve the ecosystems of the Lake Chad Basin and promote regional integration, peace and security throughout the basin. More on the RSS.
Regional Stabilization Facility
The Regional Stabilisation Facility (RSF) is a financing facility developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), with support from Germany, Sweden, UK, Netherlands, the European Union (EU), and the African Develepment Bank (AFDB) to facilitate the implementation of the Regional Stabilization Strategy (RSS) of the Lake Chad Basin Region. The facility, which is being implemented in the four affected countries (Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria), is specifically focusing on four pillars of interventions under the RSS. These are:
- Pillar 5: Governance & Social Contract;
- Pillar 6: Socio-economic Recovery and Environmental Sustainability;
- Pillar 8: Preventing of Violent Extremism and Building Peace; and
- Pillar 9: Empowerment and Inclusion of Women and Youth.
The RSF was launched on the 18th July 2019 at the margins of the Second Lake Chad Basin Governors Forum in Niger. It is a multi-donor basket fund, seeking to mobilize an estimated budget of USD100m to carry out stabilization interventions in the affected territories.
The RSF has two types of components; four national windows, providing immediate stabilisation (for 18 months) in the specific target areas in the four affected countries, and a regional window that is providing extended support for the implementation of the Regional Stabilization Strategy.
Activities under the national windows are seeking to:
- improve community safety and security;
- restore essential infrastructure & provide basic services; and
- provide livelihood opportunities for households in the affected communities.
Supports under the regional window of the RSF aim to facilitate the Lake Chad Basin Commission’s (LCBC) transition from humanitarian assistance to longer-term development and resilience Commission. This will be achieved by:
- enhancing the LCBC‘s capacity for the implementation of the Regional Stabilization Strategy;
- supporting cross-border cooperation and coordination; and
- assisting with the development of Territorial Action Plans (TAPs) and coordination mechanisms.